The food industry relies on various chemicals and food additives to enhance the quality, safety, and shelf life of food products. These chemicals are regulated by food safety authorities to ensure they meet the necessary standards. Here are some common chemicals and additives used in the food industry:

  • Preservatives
    Sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate are commonly used to prevent the growth of bacteria, yeast, and mold in food products.
  • Colorants
    Food colors such as synthetic dyes or natural extracts are used to enhance or maintain the color of food products.
  • Sweeteners
    Artificial sweeteners like aspartame, saccharin, and sucralose are used to provide sweetness without the calories.
  • Stabilizers and Thickeners
    Gums (e.g., guar gum, xanthan gum) and starches are used as stabilizers and thickeners in various food products.
  • Acidity Regulators
    Citric acid, tartaric acid, and sodium citrate are examples of acidity regulators used to control the pH of food products.