The pigments and ink industry relies on various chemicals for the production of pigments used in paints, inks, plastics, textiles, and other applications. Here are some of the key chemicals commonly associated with the pigments industry

  • Pigment Manufacturing
    Organic pigments:
    These are complex chemical compounds with various applications. Examples include azo pigments, phthalocyanine pigments, and quinacridone pigments.
    Inorganic pigments: Common examples include titanium dioxide (white pigment), iron oxide pigments (red, yellow, brown, and black), and chromium oxide green.
    Dyes: Used for coloring various substrates, including textiles, paper, and plastics. They can be organic or synthetic.
  • Binders and Resins
    Acrylic resins:
    Used in the formulation of pigment dispersions and ink binders.
    Polyurethane resins:
    Provide flexibility and adhesion in ink formulations
    Cellulose derivatives:
    Such as cellulose acetate or cellulose ethers, which are used as thickeners and film formers in ink formulations.
  • Solvents and Carriers
    Ethanol, isopropanol, and other alcohols are used as solvents in ink formulations.
    Solvents like acetone, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) are commonly used.
    Aromatic hydrocarbons:
    Toluene and xylene are used as solvents and carriers in some ink formulations.
    Ethyl acetate and butyl acetate are examples of ester-based solvents used in ink production.
  • Additives
    Surfactants and dispersants:
    Aid in the dispersion of pigments and dyes in ink formulations.
    Antioxidants and UV stabilizers:
    Help improve the stability and longevity of inks, especially those exposed to light.
    Rheology modifiers:
    Control the viscosity and flow properties of inks during printing.
    Drying agents:
    Promote faster drying of inks after printing, improving productivity.
    Biocides and preservatives:
    Prevent microbial growth in ink formulations.
  • Colorants and Additives
    Including organic and inorganic colorants, used to achieve specific colors in ink formulations.
    Opacifiers and extenders:
    Used to adjust opacity and improve coverage in certain inks.
    Crosslinkers and curing agents:
    Used in the formulation of specialty inks such as UV-curable or thermosetting inks.